HIGHLIGHTS OF LISBON
Today Nautica called on Lisbon, Portugal, a beautiful city with a rich blend of historic neighborhoods and modern architecture. As Blogger-at-Large for Oceania Cruises, this is one of my favorite places to visit, so I wanted to share some highlights of this captivating city.
Sailing into port, one of the first sights is the 25th of April Bridge, a suspension bridge that connects Lisbon to Almada on the south bank of the Tagus River. This bridge might prompt you to double check your itinerary, as it strongly resembles the Golden Gate Bridge. Considering its beauty and elegance, it’s no wonder that bridges around the world have incorporated elements of its design.
After enjoying the scenic sail in, a good place to begin exploring Lisbon is the impressive Monument of Discoveries on the north bank of the Tagus River. Completed in 1960, the monument celebrates the Portuguese Age of Discovery in the 15th and 16th centuries. The main statue at the front is Henry the Navigator, an important explorer in the early days of the Age of Discovery. Flanking each side of the monument are 33 historic figures from this dynamic time in Portuguese world exploration.
Nearby is the Cultural Center of Belém, built to accommodate the administration of Portugal’s European Union Presidency in 1992. After the administration’s term expired, the space was adapted for conferences, exhibitions and live performances. Lisbon offers a fascinating array of architectural styles, as can be seen by contrasting this modern structure with the 18th century National Palace of Belém that stands nearby.
Just across the street can be found another architectural contrast in the remarkable Hieronymites Monastery, designated a UNESCO World Heritage site in 1983 along with the Tower of Belém. Completed in 1601 after 100 years of construction, it has been described as Portuguese art at its best. While I have a limited familiarity with Portuguese art, it is difficult to imagine a more impressive example. A prominent monument to the Portuguese Age of Discovery, the magnificent church represents the most elaborate expression of the unique Manueline style that distinguishes Portuguese architecture of the period. The final resting place of Vasco de Gama, the monastery also houses the Maritime Museum and the National Archaeology Museum.
You can visit all of these wonderful places in the parish of Belém, and that is only one of several fascinating neighborhoods in Lisbon. For remarkable views of the entire city, head east to the historic Alfama district and St. George’s Castle, or Castelo de São Jorge in Portuguese. Perched at the top of one of the highest hills in Lisbon, the imposing castle overlooks the historic city center. While the oldest remains found on this site date back to the sixth century BC, the existence of the castle dates back to the 11th century. In this historic edifice, King Manuel I welcomed Vasco de Gama home from his voyage to India, and the castle was also the site of the first Portuguese theatrical performance.
Lisbon has many other charming neighborhoods to explore as well, each with its own unique appeal, and I look forward to sharing more highlights soon. If you wish to experience this enchanting city for yourself, there are several opportunities to travel to Lisbon with Oceania Cruises:
- September 27, 2013: Cultural Connoisseur, London to Barcelona (12 Days)
- August 5, 2014: Accent on Spain, Barcelona to Lisbon (10 Days)
- August 15, 2014: Iberian Sojourn, Lisbon to Barcelona (12 Day)
- September 2, 2014: Classic Continental, Amsterdam to Barcelona (12 Days)
- September 6, 2014: Cathedrals & Crowns, Monte Carlo to London (14 Days)
- September 14, 2014: Princes & Palaces, Barcelona to Lisbon (10 Days)